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Fundamentals

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    Preface

    Nearly six years have passed since the third edition of our tutorial on „Peripheral Regional Anaesthesia“, and a good deal has changed during that time; this calls for our attention...

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    Anatomy

    The brachial plexus is formed from the ventral roots C5 to Th1, with small additions from C4 and Th2. The 5th and 6th cervical nerves unite to form the upper trunk…...

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    Technique of nerve stimulation

    Peripheral nerves are comprised of thousands of nerve fibres; they contain either sensory or motor fibres of the somatic and autonomic nervous systems…

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    Catheter Technique

    The clinically established catheter procedures are those performed close to the spinal cord. By comparison, peripheral catheter techniques play a more subordinate role…

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    Sonography

    Over the last 20 years or so, ultrasonography has also made its way into the field of regional anaesthesia and attracts considerable interest there. The frequency of its clinical use is growing…

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    Local anesthesia

    Local anaesthetics reversibly inhibit impulse conduction along the nerve fibres by blocking sodium channels. Depending on their structure, the different nerves show varying…

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